This heavyweight, laminated shingle is composed of a dimensionally stable non-woven glass fiber mat, which is thoroughly impregnated with stabilized waterproofing bitumen. Royal Estate is distinguished by a uniquely synchronized manufacturing process which results in distinctly colored shingle tabs. A superior thermally activated shingle sealant helps ensure roof system wind resistance. Colored, ceramic granules surface the top of both layers of this shingle to protect the asphalt from ultraviolet radiation. Each shingle has release tape and mineral powder applied to the underside, thus preventing any sticking in the bundle. Suitable for application on roof slopes greater than 4:12. Underlayment is strongly recommended for slopes below 6:12. They may also be applied on low slope roofs (2:12 to 4:12) providing the deck is covered with two plies of felt or one ply of any IKO Ice & Water Protector.